Setup & teardown scripts

You can tailor each HTTP request made by an API check to your exact situation by using setup and/or teardown scripts.

  • Setup scripts give you access to properties like the URL, headers and query parameters of the HTTP request as well as all environment variables. Popular use cases are signing HMAC request. requesting tokens and setting up test data.
  • Teardown scripts give you access to all the same data as the setup scripts plus the response object, allowing you to read and modify the response. Use cases are cleaning up test data and scrubbing sensitive response data for regulatory reasons.

setup and teardown script for http requests

Both script types are written in Javascript and have access to popular libraries like moment, axios and

Script execution flow

Setup and teardown scripts are executed in a specific order in the Checkly backend. Being aware of this order is important to get the most out of this feature

  1. Each setup script is executed once per check is a dedicated execution sandbox directly as it is scheduled to run. Any changes you make in the setup script are distributed to each check run on each data center location.
  2. For each configured data center location, the HTTP request of your API check is executed directly followed by the teardown script. This means your teardown script can run multiple times!
  3. After the teardown script has run, all results are collected in our central storage.

Both setup and teardown scrips have a maximum execution time of 4 seconds.

setup and teardown script execution

Setup scripts run once per check. Teardown scripts run on each data center location.

Setup scripts

Setup scripts allow you to do last minute processing of test data and request options. The scripts are executed before any requests are made. You have access to a set of built-in variables so you can tweak the HTTP request and a set of 3rd party libraries.

Note: any libraries need to be explicitly imported using a ‘require’ statement.

Example: Add a custom header

// request.headers is a standard Javascript object
request.headers["X-Custom-Header"] = 'my value'

Example: Update the URL

// append a value to the request url
request.url = request.url + '/extra'

Example: Fetch an external token

// explicitly import axios
const axios = require('axios')

// use 'await' on an axios HTTP get to fetch a token from a location
const result = await axios.get('https://example.com/api/token')

// add the token as a query parameters
request.queryParameters["token"] = result.token

Example: Sign an HMAC request

// explicitly import libraries
const CryptoJS = require('crypto-js')
const moment = require('moment')

// get keys stored in environment variables
const privateKey = environment["PRIVATE_KEY"]
const publicKey = environment["PUBLIC_KEY"]

// collect the fields used in signing the request
const method = request.method
const contentType = 'application/json'
const contentMd5 = ''
const url = request.url
const host = 'localhost:8080'
const uri = url.replace(/^.*\/\/[^\/]+/, '')
const timestamp = moment().toISOString()

// create the signature
const signature = [method, contentMd5, contentType, timestamp].join(',\n')
const encryptedSignature = publicKey + ':' + CryptoJS.HmacSHA1(signature, privateKey).toString(CryptoJS.enc.Base64)

// set or update the results as environment variables, to be used in the HTTP request.
environment["TIMESTAMP"] = timestamp
environment["ENCRYPTED_SIGNATURE"] = encryptedSignature
environment["CONTENT_TYPE"] = contentType

Example: Sign an AWS API request

// explicitly import libraries
const aws4 = require('aws4')
const axios = require('axios')

// set up AWS request variables
const url = 'https://s3.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com/checkly-private-test/test.txt'
const options = {
  service: 's3',
  region: 'eu-central-1',
  path: '/checkly-private-test/test.txt'
}

// set up AWS credentials
const credentials = {
  secretAccessKey: environment.get('AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY'),
  accessKeyId: environment.get('AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID')
}

// use the aws4 library to sign the request
const signature = aws4.sign(options, credentials)

// fetch the data and store in an environment variable
const result = await axios.get(url, { headers: signature.headers })
environment["AWS_V4_RESULT"] = result.data

Teardown scripts

Teardown scripts are run after the HTTP request has finished, but before any assertions are validated. Next to the request and environment objects, teardown scripts also have access to the response object. Use teardown scripts to clean up any created test data or clean up response data that might contain sensitive information you do not want to store on the Checkly backend.

Example: update response status

response.statusCode = 201

Example: delete created test data based on response

This is an actual script we use to monitor our own “create API check” API endpoint. It runs after a normal API check where we POST an JSON blob to the /accounts/<uuid>/checks endpoint, which returns the created resource with its ID. Notice how we reuse the environment variables to pass in credentials and tokens.

// explicitly import axios
const axios = require('axios')

// parse the create resource,
const createdResource = JSON.parse(response.body)

// setup the correct url and its parameters
const host = 'https://api.checklyhq.com'
const path = '/checks/' + createdResource.id

// set the correct auth headers
const headers = {
  'Authorization': 'Bearer ' + environment['API_BEARER'],
  'X-Checkly-Account': environment['CHECKLY_ACCOUNT_ID']
}

// delete the just created resource using the axios HTTP client
await axios.delete(host + path, { headers })

Example: updating the JSON response body

// Parse the body as JSON
const body = JSON.parse(response.body)

// manipulate the object
body.someKey = 1

// store it again as a JSON string
response.body = JSON.stringify(body)

Note: Remember that teardown scripts run on each configured data center location.

Reusable code snippets

To DRY (Dont’ Repeat Yourself) up your code, we advise you strongly to create all setup and teardown scripts as code snippets. You can create, update and delete code snippets in the account section. Snippets are available to all checks.

reusable code snippets

Once created, just select any snippets from the drop down menu in setup and teardown scripts section of your API check.

Built-in variables

Inside each script, you have access to certain data structures of the API check lifecycle.

Environment

You have access to all environment variables configured in the variables section on the account page. They are exposed as a regular Javascript object named environment. You can create, read, update and delete any of the attributes in this object.

// read values and use them for further processing
const myValue = environment.MY_KEY

// write values
environment['MY_KEY'] = myValue + 10

// add a new key/value pair
environment['NEW_KEY'] = 'new value'

// remove a key
delete environment['SOME_OTHER_KEY']

In setup scripts, the modified environment object is used for the subsequent HTTP request. In teardown script, the modified environment object is just there for informational purposes.

More about using environment variables

Request

Request properties are exposed a standard Javascript object. This object is available in both setup and teardown scripts.

property description type
request.method The HTTP request method, i.e. ‘GET’, ‘POST’ etc. String
request.url The request url. Any separately defined query parameters are added at the end. String
request.body The request body in string format. String
request.headers The request headers. Object
request.queryParameters The request query parameters. Object

Response

Response properties are exposed a standard Javascript object. These are only available in teardown scripts.

property description type
response.statusCode The response status code, i.e. 200 or 404. Number
response.statusText The response status text, i.e. ‘Ok’ or ‘Not found’. String
response.body The response body in string format. You will need to use JSON.parse(response.body) to access JSON responses. String
response.headers The response headers in the form of a standard Javascript object. Object
response.timings Various timestamps for the request stage relative to the starting time. Object
response.timingPhases Time durations for each request phase. Object

Included third party libraries

All setup and teardown scripts run in a sandboxed environment on our cloud backed. You do not have full access to the Node.js standard library or to arbitrary NPM modules. Currently every runner is equipped with the following libraries:

  • node 8.10: The general Node.js execution environment.
  • assert 8.x: Built-in assertion function.
  • moment 2.22.2: Popular library for all things time related.
  • axios 0.18.0: A modern HTTP library. Support async/await.
  • crypto-js 3.1.9: Cryptographic function library.
  • lodash 4.14.11: Javascript toolkit for many object, array and other functions.
  • aws4 1.8.0: Third-party library for easily signing AWS API requests.

Technical limitations

  • Setup and teardown scripts are implicitly wrapped in async function. This means you can always use await statements.
  • You cannot use nested callbacks as there is no way to determine the callback function. Always use await statements.
  • Script execution is limited to 4 seconds maximum.
  • You need to include modules and libraries explicitly, i.e. const moment = require('moment') before you can use them.
Next: Timeouts and timing phases

Last updated on December 5, 2018